Mrs.Smith’s living room

1.课文
Mrs. Smith’s living room is large.
There is a television in the room.
The television is near the window.
There are some magazines on the television.
There is a table in the room.
There are some newspapers on the table.
There are some armchairs in the room.
The armchairs are near the table.
There is a stereo in the room.
The stereo is near the door.
There are some books on the stereo.
There are some pictures in the room.
The pictures are on the wall.

2.翻译
史密斯夫人的客厅很大。
客厅里有台电视机。
电视机靠近窗子。
电视机上放着几本杂志。
客厅里有张桌子。
桌上放着几份报纸。
客厅里有几把扶手椅。
那些扶手椅靠近桌子。
客厅里有台立体声音响。
音响靠近门。
音响上面有几本书。
客厅里有几幅画。
画挂在墙上。

二、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)

1.Where are they?它们在哪里?
句中they指图中的那些东西。(可参见Lessons 25~26语法部分。)
2.数字9,999与10,001的英文写法
9,999—-nine thousand nine hundred and ninety-nine
10,001—-ten thousand and one

三、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能,请在PC端使用)
划词工具示意图
划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
living room
客厅
near
prep.靠近
window
n. 窗户
armchair
n. 扶手椅
door
n. 门
picture
n. 图画
wall
n. 墙

四、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)

1.there+be结构(2)
(1)there+be结构变成疑问句时,只需将动词be和there互换位
置,句子其余部分不变。如:
Is there a dirty fork on the plate?
碟子上有一个脏的叉子吗?
Is there a full bottle in the cupboard?
橱柜里有一瓶酒吗?
Are there any ties on the floor?
地上有一些领带吗?
Are there any newspapers on the shelf?
架子上有些报纸吗?
(2)there+be结构变成否定句时,需在动词be后加not(any)或no。如:
No, there is not a fork on the plate.
没有,碟子上没有叉子。
No, there isn’t one in the cupboard.
没有,橱柜里一个也没有。
No, there aren’t any ties on the floor.
没有,地板上没有任何领带。
No, there are no newspapers on the shelf.
没有,架子上没有任何报纸。
2.some和any的用法
在英语中,some和any是两个最常用的数量词。用some和any时,一般不必精确地说明数量到底有多么大或多么小。它们的作用常常像是a/an的复数。
(1)some(表示确定的数量)表示”某些但不是全部”的意思,通常用于肯定句中。在疑问句中,所希望的回答是Yes时也可使用some。如:
There is some water in the glass.
玻璃杯里有些水。
There are some cigarettes in the box.
盒子里有些雪茄。
Have you got some paper-clips in that box?
你那只盒子里有一些回形针吧?(我知道或我认为你有一些,故希望你会说”有”。)
some加可数名词或不可数名词时,在流畅的话语中一般不重读,而念为/s+m/。
(2)any(表示不确定的数量)通常用在含有not或-n’t的否定句中,也用于表示我们不能确定答案是肯定还是否定,或者用于预料得到的回答是No的疑问句中。如:
There are not any spoons in the cupboard.
橱柜中没有任何汤匙。
There aren’t any plates on the dressing table.
梳妆台上任何碟子都没有。

五、lesson 28 练习答案

(习题课答案)
A
1 There are some pencils on the desk.2 There are some knives near that tin.
3 There are some policemen in the kitchen.
4 There are some newspapers in the living room.
5 There are some keyboards operators in the office.
B
1 Are there any books in the room?
No, there aren’t any books in the room.
There are some magazines.
Where are they?
They’re on the television.
2 Are there any ties on the floor?
No, there aren’t any ties on the floor.
There are some shoes.
Where are they?
They’re near the bed.
3 Are there any glasses on the cupboard?
No, there aren’t any glasses on the cupboard.
There are some bottles.
Where are they?
They’re near those tins.
4 Are there any newspapers on the shelf?
No, there aren’t any newspapers on the shelf.
There are some tickets.
Where are they?
They’re in that handbag.
5 Are there any forks on the table?
No, there aren’t any forks on the table.
There are some knives.
Where are they?
They’re in that box.6 Are there any cups on the stereo?
No, there aren’t any cups on the stereo.
There are some glasses.
Where are they?
They’re near those bottles.
7 Are there any cups in the kitchen?
No, there aren’t any cups in the kitchen.
There are some plates.
Where are they?
They’re on the cooker.
8 Are there any glasses in the kitchen?
No, there aren’t any glasses in the kitchen.
There are some bottles.
Where are they?
They’re in the refrigerator.
9 Are there any books in the room?
No, there aren’t any books in the room.
There are some pictures.
Where are they?
They’re on the wall.
10 Are there any chairs in the room?
No, there aren’t any chairs in the room.
There are some armchairs.
Where are they?
They’re near the table

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