A walk through

1.课文
  I live in a very old town which is surrounded by beautiful woods. It is a famous beauty spot. On Sundays, hundreds of people come from the city to see our town and to walk through the woods. Visitors have been asked to keep the woods clean and tidy. Litter baskets have been placed under the trees, but people still throw their rubbish everywhere. Last Wednesday, I went for a walk in the woods. What I saw made me very sad. I counted seven old cars and three old refrigerators. The little baskets were empty and the ground was covered with pieces of paper, cigarette ends, old tyres, empty bottles and rusty tins. Among the rubbish, I found a sign which said, ‘Anyone who leaves litter in these woods will be prosecuted!’
2.翻译
  我住在一个由美丽的树林环绕的古老的小镇上。这是一个著名的风景胜地。每逢星期天,有许许多人从城里来观赏我们的小镇,并在树林中散步。游客已被告知要保持树林的整洁。树下都已设置了废物筐,但是人们仍到处扔垃圾。上星期三我到树林里去散步。我所见到的一切使我非常难过。我数了一下,有7辆旧汽车和3个旧冰箱。废物筐是空的,而满地都是纸片、烟头、旧轮胎,空瓶子和生锈的空罐头盒。在垃圾堆中我发现了一块牌子,上面写着:“凡在此树林里丢弃垃圾者,将依法处置”。

二、学习视频

(新概念系列英语学习视频由网友整理分享,仅供参考)

 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)

  1.is surrounded by,由……环绕着。
  2.hundreds of people,数以百计的(游)人。
  3.Visitors have been asked to keep the woods clean and tidy.游客已被告知要保持树林的整洁。
  句中 have been asked是被动语态的完成时结构。(详见本课语法部分。)to keep the woods clean and tidy是动词不定式短语,作主语visitors的补足语。clean and tidy 是宾语 the woods 的宾语补足语。
  4.go for a walk,去散步。
  5.What I saw made me very sad.我所见到的一切使我非常难过。
  句中的主语What I saw 是 what 引导的名词性从句。

 

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图
划词工具示意图
3、单词列表:
  surround
  v. 包围
  wood
  n. 树林
  beauty spot
  风景点
  hundred
  n. 百
  city
  n. 城市
  through
  prep.穿过
  visitor
  n. 参观者,游客,来访者
  tidy
  adj. 整齐的
  litter
  n. 杂乱的东西
  litter basket
  废物筐
  place
  v. 放
  throw( threw; thrown)
  v. 扔,抛
  rubbish
  n. 垃圾
  count
  v. 数,点
  cover
  v. 覆盖
  piece
  n. 碎片
  tyre
  n. 轮胎
  rusty
  adj. 生锈的
  among
  prep.在……之间
  prosecute
  v. 依法处置

五、重点难点

  被动语态(1)
  英语动词有主动语态和被动语态之分。在主动句中,动词的主语是执行动作的人或物。在被动句中,主语是动作的承受者。
  在英语中被动词态用得很普遍,这样做可以避免用不明确的词作主语,或是将说话的重点放在事件而不是造成该事件的人或物上。
  被动语态的构成: be +过去分词。
  过去分词不一定指过去。请看例句:
  (1)一般现在时形式: am/are/is +过去分词:
  The room is aired regularly.
  这个房间定期通风。
  The knives are sharpened regularly.
  刀定期磨。
  (2)一般过去时形式: was/were +过去分词:
  She was dressed in red.
  她身穿红色衣服。
  The windows were opened this morning.
  窗户今早是开着的/被打开了。
  (3)英语中表达感情的动词通常可用于被动式,这些动词如
  amuse, embarrass, worry, surprise, interest, upset等:
  She is embarrassed.
  她感到尴尬。
  They were worried.
  他们感到担忧。

六、lesson 144 练习答案

  A
  1 The writer lives in a very old town which is surrounded by beautiful woods.
  2 Because it is a famous beauty spot.
  3 Visitors have been asked to keep the woods clean and tidy.
  4 Litter baskets have been placed under the trees.
  5 The writer went for a walk in the woods.
  6 Yes, he saw a lot of rubbish.
  7 He saw a sign among the rubbish.
  8 The sign said, ‘Anyone who leaves litter in these woods will be prosecuted.
  B
  1 Someone has aired it. It has already been aired.
  2 Someone has cleaned them. They have already been cleaned.
  3 Someone has emptied it. It has already been emptied.
  4 Someone has sharpened it. It has already been sharpened.
  5 Someone has turned them on. They have already been turned on.
  6 Someone has bought them. They have already been bought.
  7 Someone has swept it. It has already been swept.
  8 Someone has taken them to school. They have already been taken to school.
  9 Someone has invited them. They have already been invited.
  10 Someone has told them. They have already been told.
  C
  1 It hasn’t been aired yeet. It will be aired tomorrow.
  2 They haven’t been cleaned yet. They will be cleaned tomorrow.
  3 It hasn’t been emptied yet. It will be emptied tomorrow.
  4 It hasn’t been sharpened yet. It will be sharpened tomorrow.
  5 They haven’t been turned on yet. They will be turned on tomorrow.
  6 They haven’t been watered yet. They will be watered tomorrow.
  7 It hasn’t been repaired yet. It will be repaired tomorrow.
  8 It hasn’t been dusted yet. It will be dusted tomorrow.
  9 They haven’t been corrected yet. They will be corrected tomorrow.
  10 It hasn’t been shut yet. It will be shut tomorrow.

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