Sally’s first

1.课文
  Last week, my four year old daughter, Sally, was invited to a children’s party. I decided to take her by train. Sally was very excited because she had never travelled on a train before. She sat near the window and asked questions about everything she saw. Suddenly, a middle-aged lady got on the train and sat opposite Sally.
  “Hello, little girl.” She said. Sally did not answer, but looked at her curiously.
  The lady was dressed in a blue coat and a large, funny hat. After the train had left the station, the lady opened her handbag and took out her powder compact(粉盒). She then began to make up her face.
  “Why are you doing that?” Sally asked.
  “To make myself beautiful,” the lady answered. She put away her compact and smiled kindly.
  “But you are still ugly.” Sally said. Sally was amused, but I was very embarrassed!
2.翻译
  上周,我4岁的女儿萨莉被邀请去参加一个儿童聚会。我决定带她乘火车去。萨莉非常激动,因为她从未乘过火车。她靠车窗坐着,对她所看到的一切都要问个明白。突然,一个中年妇女上了火车,坐在萨莉的对面。“你好,小姑娘,”她说。萨莉没回答,却好奇地看着她。那位妇女穿着一件蓝色的大衣,戴着一顶大而滑稽的帽子。火车开出车站后,那位妇女打开了手提包,拿出了粉盒。然后她开始打扮起来。“你为什么要那样做呢?”萨莉问。“为了把自己打扮漂亮啊,”那位妇女答道。她放好了粉盒,慈祥地微笑着。“可是你仍然难看呀,”萨莉说。萨莉感到很有趣,而我却很尴尬。

二、学习视频

(新概念系列英语学习视频由本站整理分享,仅供参考)

(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)

  1.my four-year-old daughter,我那4岁的女儿。
  four-year-old 是名词 daughter的定语。各词用连字符连在一起,构成一个复合形容词。注意在这个复合词中仅用 year,而不用复数:
  a thirteen-year-old girl 一个13岁的姑娘
  2.… Sally was invited to a children’s party. ……萨莉被邀请去参加一个儿童聚会。
  这是一个被动语态的例子。在英文中,如果想避免用含混不清的词(如 someone等)作主语,常常可使用被动词态。(具体请参见本课语法部分。)被动语态由相应的be动词加上过去分词构成:
  It is repaired regularly.
  它定期修理。
  They are corrected regularly.
  它们得到了定期校正。
  He was met at the station this morning.
  今早有人在车站接他。
  3.a middle-aged lady,一位中年女士。
  middle-aged是一个复合形容词,由名词+过去分词构成。又如:
  hand-made手工制作的
  4.opposite Sally,在萨莉的对面。
  这是介词短语,作状语,表示sat的具体情况。
  5.take out,拿出。
  6.make up her face,往她的脸上施脂粉。
  make up意为“化妆”、“打扮”(指擦胭脂、抹粉)。
  7.To make myself beautiful …
  把自己打扮漂亮……
  这是一个省略句,句首省略了I am doing that,而只留下这个作目的状语的动词不定式短语。
  8.put away,收拾好,储存备用。

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图
划词工具示意图
3、单词列表:
  excited
  adj. 兴奋的
  get on
  登上
  middle-aged
  adj. 中年的
  opposite
  prep.在……对面
  curiously
  adv.好奇地
  funny
  adj. 可笑的,滑稽的
  powder
  n. 香粉
  compact
  n. 带镜的化妆盒
  kindly
  adv. 和蔼地
  ugly
  adj. 丑陋的
  amused
  adj. 有趣的
  smile
  v. 微笑
  embarrassed
  adj. 尴尬

五、重点难点

  被动语态(1)
  英语动词有主动语态和被动语态之分。在主动句中,动词的主语是执行动作的人或物。在被动句中,主语是动作的承受者。
  在英语中被动词态用得很普遍,这样做可以避免用不明确的词作主语,或是将说话的重点放在事件而不是造成该事件的人或物上。
  被动语态的构成: be +过去分词。
  过去分词不一定指过去。请看例句:
  (1)一般现在时形式: am/are/is +过去分词:
  The room is aired regularly.
  这个房间定期通风。
  The knives are sharpened regularly.
  刀定期磨。
  (2)一般过去时形式: was/were +过去分词:
  She was dressed in red.
  她身穿红色衣服。
  The windows were opened this morning.
  窗户今早是开着的/被打开了。
  (3)英语中表达感情的动词通常可用于被动式,这些动词如
  amuse, embarrass, worry, surprise, interest, upset等:
  She is embarrassed.
  她感到尴尬。
  They were worried.
  他们感到担忧。

六、lesson 142 练习答案

  A
  1 Sally is four years old.
  2 Because Sally had never travelled on a train before.
  3 She sat near the window.
  4 A middle-aged lady got on the train.
  5 The lady was dressed in a blue coat and a large, funny hat.
  6 She opened her handbag and took out her powder compact.
  Then she began to make up her face.
  7 Because she wanted to make herself beautiful.
  8 No, she didn’t.
  B
  1 Someone airs it regularly. It is aired regularly.
  2 Someone cleans them regularly. They are cleaned regularly.
  3 Someone empties it regularly. It is emptied regularly.
  4 Someone sharpens it regularly. It is sharpened regularly.
  5 Someone turns them on regularly. They are turned on regularly.
  6 Someone waters them regularly. They are watered regularly.
  7 Someone repairs it regularly. It is repaired regularly.
  8 Someone dusts it regularly. It is dusted regularly.
  9 Someone corrects them regularly. They are corrected regularly.
  10 Someone shuts it regularly. It is shut regularly.
  C
  1 Someone watered them. They were watered this morning.
  2 Someone repaired it. It was repaired this morning.
  3 Someone dusted it. It was dusted this morning.
  4 Someone corrected them. They were corrected this morning.
  5 Someone shut it. It was shut this morning.
  6 Someone bought them. They were bought this morning.
  7 Someone swept it. It was swept this morning.
  8 Someone took them to school. They were taken to school this morning.
  9 Someone met them at the station. They were met at the station this morning.
  10 Someone told them. They were told this morning.

145楼 / 259回复  楼层回复  课后交流区 

06月28日 林林林06 回复 7楼 回到顶楼
正确率:56%;本课所得学分:6
06月28日 徐立峰1 1回复 8楼 回到顶楼
正确率:89%;本课所得学分:9
学习心得:还不错
06月28日 jane麦兜 (珍惜每一天~发现美,爱生活!) 回复 回到顶楼
嗯嗯 还不错的哦,继续加油吧~
08月18日 冰恋沉醉 (第一天) 回复 47楼 回到顶楼
正确率:44%;本课所得学分:5
学习心得:期待了
08月22日 dldksqld 1回复 48楼 回到顶楼
正确率:56%;本课所得学分:6
学习心得:nice
08月22日 jane麦兜 (珍惜每一天~发现美,爱生活!) 回复 回到顶楼
还要加油哦,基础阶段,一定要扎实!
08月22日 双刀流 回复 49楼 回到顶楼
正确率:78%;本课所得学分:8
学习心得:真不错,老师哪儿哪儿都好,学完还想学!
08月24日 Shirlei 回复 50楼 回到顶楼
正确率:100%;本课所得学分:11
学习心得:要加油

发言
粗体 斜体 下划线 链接 图片 表情 语音回复 点击上传mp3音频